Clock Tower

Out of the Clock Tower

Hello and welcome to the Greene County Archives' blog, "Out of the Clock Tower".  Please join us as we share information on archival issues, news, special events, and highlights from our collection.

Before the archives program began in Greene County in 1996, permanent records were stored in every conceivable space, in basements, garages, and closets. Usually they were in boxes of various shapes and sizes, although seldom adequately labeled, but occasionally they were just in loose piles of books and papers. Most notable were the old records stuffed into the clock tower of the County Courthouse, where they shared their home with pigeon droppings.

Now, there is a clean, environmentally controlled, well appointed location for the county archives, where our historical records are housed in standard sized boxes on steel shelves. We have taken note of their journey in the name for our blog.

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Jun 23

Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument

Posted on June 23, 2017 at 4:27 PM by Jessica Cromer

The house on US Route 42 that Charles Young and his family once lived in was affectionately called Youngsholm. It became a National Park Service site and named the Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument in 2013 to preserve the history and legacy of this exceptionally important historical figure.

                                                          NPS Logo
National Park Service Logo

Charles Young
Charles Young was a man of many talents and overcame immense adversity. He is best known for his military career and affiliation with the Buffalo Soldiers. He was the third African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy, and the first to reach the rank of colonel. He is also well known for his ride on horseback from Wilberforce, Ohio to Washington, D.C. to prove his physical fitness when it was questioned. Young was also a husband, father, professor, and military attache. In addition, he was an artist, musician, poet, and spoke several languages. The National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center in Wilberforce has the largest collection of Charles Young archives.

                     CHYO House

Buffalo Soldiers
The men who fought and served in the all-black military regiments came to be known as Buffalo Soldiers. It is likely that this term of endearment came from the American Indians describing the hair of the soldiers as being like buffalo fur and from witnessing them fight with the strength and bravery of that of the buffalo.

The Monument
The 1974 Xenia tornado passed right through the area destroying several outbuildings on the Youngsholm property, but left the main house intact. Now that it is a National Park site, and still a relatively new one, there is a lot to be done to bring it to the level of historic interpretation that it has the potential to become.

1940 Aerial Photo 3A-80
1940 Aerial Photo 3A-80, Greene County Archives

“The park is preparing a Cultural Landscape Report and Environmental Assessment (CLR/EA) to identify key landscape resources, provide preservation planning and site design concepts to protect the monument while accommodating visitor use” (

This Cultural Landscape Report will soon be posted on The input of the community will very much be encouraged in determining a course of action for caring for the site moving forward. Once this information is posted here we can all have a voice in improving this national and neighborhood treasure. Please keep an eye out for this important information, and spread the word.

CHYO House  Report
CHYO House Cultural Landscape Assessment

The park is currently operating on visiting hours by appointment (937) 352-6757.
1120 US Route 42 E (P.O. Box 428), Wilberforce, OH 45384

Further Resources:

Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument (CHYO):
CHYO Facebook:

Until Next Time!


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