Clock Tower

Out of the Clock Tower

Hello and welcome to the Greene County Archives' blog, "Out of the Clock Tower".  Please join us as we share information on archival issues, news, special events, and highlights from our collection.

Before the archives program began in Greene County in 1996, permanent records were stored in every conceivable space, in basements, garages, and closets. Usually they were in boxes of various shapes and sizes, although seldom adequately labeled, but occasionally they were just in loose piles of books and papers. Most notable were the old records stuffed into the clock tower of the County Courthouse, where they shared their home with pigeon droppings.

Now, there is a clean, environmentally controlled, well appointed location for the county archives, where our historical records are housed in standard sized boxes on steel shelves. We have taken note of their journey in the name for our blog.

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Sep 15

National POW/MIA Recognition Day

Posted on September 15, 2017 at 2:33 PM by Jessica Cromer

Today is National POW/MIA Recognition Day.

This day is recognized annually on the third Friday of September to remember American prisoners of war, soldiers missing in action, and their families. “America’s POW/MIAs should be honored and recognized, rather than memorialized, with the focus on continuing commitment to account as fully as possible for those still missing” (National League of POW/MIA Families Each year the president and individual states sign declarations to honor this day, and there are ceremonies nationally and locally all over the country.

       POW-MIA Flag 1  POW-MIA Flag 2
Slight variations can be found in the flag's artwork as it was never copyrighted.

Read the Story Behind the POW/MIA Flag at

Resolution 288, adopted at the 67th American Legion National Convention, calls for designating a POW/MIA Empty Chair at all official meetings of The American Legion as a physical symbol of the thousands of American POW/MIAs still unaccounted for from all wars and conflicts involving the United States (The American Legion POW/MIA Advocacy). Many other public places also have these Chairs of Honor such as sports stadiums.

In the Greene County Archives, there is a Probate file for the estate of Jost J. Kundert (File Box 952). In his estate paperwork filed in December 1944, he had an adult daughter and an adult son.
The son Paul Kundert (1916-2004) is three years old in the 1920 US Census shown below.

1920 US Census
1920 United States Federal Census
"United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (,1037202801,1036846301,1589332315 : 14 December 2015), Ohio > Greene > Bath > ED 154 > image 42 of 44; citing NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

Jost's daughter became the executrix of the estate, while his son, Paul D. Kundert, was listed on the estate paperwork as residing at Los Baños Prison Camp, Philippine Islands.
     Kundert Estate_Page_1
Probate file for the estate of Jost J. Kundert (File Box 952), Greene County Archives

34-The Cincinnati Enquirer 6-7-34_p2
June 7, 1934
Cincinnati Enquirer
(A Publisher Extra Newspaper) page 2.

The following excerpt is from page 2 of the Thursday, June 7, 1934 Cincinnati Enquirer (A Publisher Extra Newspaper), and reads:

“… Unable yesterday to reconcile the hopes of the "Hoover men" and the proponents of new control, the committee's diplomats sought overnight to effect a compromise which Street, Dayton; Alexander Henry Rust, 18, 4519 Oakview Avenue, Dayton; Robert Dallas Gorham, 19, R. R. No. 5, Dayton; Louis Eldon Koogler, 19, Box 145, Fairfield; Paul Denton Kundert, 17, Box 5, Osborne; Malcolm Hodson, 17, South Solon, and William Edward Leonard, 18, Union, Ohio. This is the second group of men to be enlisted under the June quota of 36 for this district. They entrained for Norfolk, Va., where they will undergo four months of preliminary training before assignment to vessels of the United States fleet

A Greene County Chapter of the American Red Cross campaign ad lists Paul Denton Kundert (J-01132), as an American Internee at Santo Tomas, Manila, also known as the Manila Internment Camp. The Santo Tomas camp became so overcrowded that in May 1943, people were transferred to the newer Los Baños Prison Camp.
Kundert Red Cross Ad
Greene County Chapter American Red Cross Campaign Ad

During World War II in the Pacific theater, the Raid at Los Baños Internment Camp, Laguna, Philippines on February 23, 1945 by combined U.S.-Filipino forces, resulted in a highly successful Allied military rescue operation of a Japanese internment camp. 
Over 2,000 people were liberated.
45.1-Washington C.H. Record-Herald 2-27-45_p3 45.2-Washington C.H. Record-Herald 2-27-45_p3 clipping CROP Total
February 27, 1945 Washington Court House Record-Herald page 3 and detail.

Page 3 of the Tuesday, February 27, 1945 Washington Court House Record-Herald has the notice,

XENIA—Paul Denton Kundert, Osborn, naval intelligence officer, and several others known here were liberated from the Los Banos internment camp near Manila”

Paul Kundert would live close to another 60 years.

Please take the time today to remember POW/MIAs and all of their families and friends.

For more info:

Santo Tomas Internment Camp <>
Raid at Los Baños, Philippine Islands <ños>
Pacific War <>

Until Next Time...


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