Clock Tower

Out of the Clock Tower

Hello and welcome to the Greene County Archives' blog, "Out of the Clock Tower".  Please join us as we share information on archival issues, news, special events, and highlights from our collection.

Before the archives program began in Greene County in 1996, permanent records were stored in every conceivable space, in basements, garages, and closets. Usually they were in boxes of various shapes and sizes, although seldom adequately labeled, but occasionally they were just in loose piles of books and papers. Most notable were the old records stuffed into the clock tower of the County Courthouse, where they shared their home with pigeon droppings.

Now, there is a clean, environmentally controlled, well appointed location for the county archives, where our historical records are housed in standard sized boxes on steel shelves. We have taken note of their journey in the name for our blog.

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Aug 26

School Lands in Greene County

Posted on August 26, 2016 at 9:30 AM by Elise Kelly

School Days Are Here Again
As we wind down with the last weeks of summer and our children are starting to go back to school, we would like to examine how a certain area of Beavercreek Township was part of the Ohio School Lands.
 1785 Land Ordinance in Ohio - via Wikimedia Commons
 School lands were land grants established to support education. Two years prior to the adoption of the United States Constitution in 1787, the Congress of the Confederation established the Land Ordinance in May 1785.

The land ordinance granted section 16 of every township in the United States to be used for public education.

  In 1845, Beavercreek Township raised the question whether or not to sell lot number one and five in section sixteen.
  An election was held concerning this matter. The election took place in Jacob Swadner’s  home on the 24th day of January 1846. Swadner lived near his brother Isaac. Isaac lived close to the land in contention.  sdfsf
1874 Greene County Atlas

Prior to the election, eight written notices announcing the election were posted at several public places. The places included: the blacksmith shops of Robert Thompson and George Krepps, the medicine shops of Doctor William Bell and Doctor Lafong, John Hower’s shop, Anthony Hower’s wagon shop, Jacob Zimmerman’s grocery store, the mill of Henry Shoup and the mill of John Harbine. (See Below)
                                       Sale of School Land Records 1836-1872

Many residents in the county frequented these places and most likely would have seen these notices. The electors who voted included numerous well-known Beavercreek residents including: Swadners, Harners, Ankeneys, LaFongs and Steeles. Thirty-six ballots were in favor of selling the two lots of land while two ballots were against it. (See Below)
                 Names of the Electors - Sale of School Land Records 1836-1872
                    Tally of Votes - Sale of School Land Records 1836-1872

The lots were surveyed by Samuel Kyle Esq. Lot one was appraised at twenty-three dollars per acre for a total of 128 acres. Lot five was appraised at twenty-four dollars per acre for a total of 148 acres.

The area of land was supposedly “in good state of cultivation [and the] houses, stables, fences etc. [are] in good repair.” The two lots of land were sold to Abraham and Jacob Harner. (See Below)

                                          1855 Greene County Atlas
Today this area is near Trebein Road close to where the Lifeway Pentecostals of Miami Church is. (See Below)
Trebein Road = Yellow; Lifeway Pentecostals of Miami = Red; the far bottom right corner is Beaver Creek. Greene County, Ohio GIS

Our forefathers had the wonderful foresight to establish public education in our country. By designating these sections in townships across the United States, this guaranteed an education for America's children.

Until Next Time!

This Week's Trivia Question: By 1920 how many acres of public land had been given by the federal government to the public land states in support of public schooling?

Answer to Last Week's Trivia Question:
Can you name another contestant who is participating in the "I Found It In the Archives" State Contest? Answer: Lucy Cipinko


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